basic haircut

Hairstyles have always been a significant aspect of personal grooming and self-expression. They can convey a multitude of messages, from professionalism to rebellion, sophistication to nonchalance. 

At the core of hairstyling lies the concept of haircuts, and among the plethora of styles available, four fundamental cuts serve as the building blocks for countless variations. Understanding these basic haircuts lays the foundation for exploring a world of hairstyling possibilities.

The Four Basic Haircuts

Hairstylists tend to use four basic haircuts as a base for styling hair. These include: 

  • The 0 Degree, or Bob
  • The 45 Degree, or Wedge
  • The 90 Degree, or Layered
  • The 180 Degree, or Shag

Each basic haircut allows hairdressers to adjust based on their client’s preferences. We will explore each style in more detail below and how to approach the cut as a hairdresser.

The 0 Degree “Bob”

The 0 degree haircut, commonly referred to as the “Blunt” or “Bob” haircut, is a timeless style known for its straight and even cut. 

To execute this haircut, it’s essential to divide the hair into four sections using hair clips. Begin by creating a guide section at the nape of the neck by combing a section straight down and cutting it bluntly across, ensuring it remains parallel to the floor. Proceed to alternate between the sections on either side, matching them to the guide section until the hair is uniformly cut all around.

The 45 Degree “Wedge”

The 45-degree haircut, also recognised as the “Wedge” or “Bob,” features a distinctive triangular shape with graduated edges. This cut creates diagonal movement from the back to the front, accentuated by a weight line along the perimeter. 

Maintaining parallel cutting lines in relation to hand and body positioning is crucial, along with clear sectioning. Begin by dividing the hair into seven sections, and cutting small guides to determine the desired length. Ensure symmetry by measuring and comparing the sides before proceeding from the front sections to the back. Utilise a 45-degree elevation when cutting the sectioned hair, periodically checking for evenness throughout. Cross-checking ensures uniformity, addressing any missed sections for a polished finish.

The 90 Degree “Layered”

The 90-degree haircut, also known as the “Layered” cut, requires precise layering to achieve optimal movement, making it one of the more intricate styles. 

Start by sectioning the hair into five parts. When cutting, hold each section at a 90-degree angle from the head and trim accordingly. As the hair falls back into place, the angle creates natural layers. Establishing guides for each hair section ensures uniformity, with careful attention to symmetry between the left and right sides.

The 180 Degree “Shag”

The 180-degree haircut, commonly referred to as the “Shag,” or reverse elevation, is typically reserved for longer hair compared to other styles on the list. 

Begin by dividing the hair into five sections. When ready to cut each section, comb the hair upward and trim straight across. Continue this process, taking horizontal pairings and combing them up to meet the stationary guidelines. Establishing the desired length for the client before completing the entire circumference ensures consistency and precision.

Achieve Your Ideal Hairstyle at The Strand

The Strand in Chelmsford and Shenfield is operated by experienced hairstylists trained at our Hairdressing Academy

Book your visit at each location on our website and discover our wide range of hairstyling services for women.